WIPO Copyright Treaty

The WIPO Copyright Treaty, signed on 20 December 1996 at Geneva by about fifty countries at the same time as the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty, this treaty is a Berne-plus Convention that seeks to bring copyright into the digital age. Among other measures, states must prevent circumvention of encrypted information and the removal of digital tracking measures, although the implementation of these obligations in 1998 by the United States in its Digital Millennium Copyright Act indicates that some decryption and circumvention is legitimate (e.g., for research, police, or individual privacy reasons). Canada's proposed copyright amendments of 2010 (Bill C-32) aim to bring Canadian law in line with this treaty.